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Life, Society & Drugs: Appropriate Sources

This guides shows how to identify appropriate sources for Salt Lake Community College's Life, Society & Drugs course

Why is citing sources important?

In HLTH 1050, you will likely be asked to use MLA style when integrating sources into your work. It is very important to include in-text citations and a works cited page at the end of your papers. Failing to do so is plagiarism. To learn more, see the SLCC "Code of Student Rights and Responsibilities" entry on plagiarism. The good news is that creating and providing citations is not difficult!

Use Built-In Citation Generators

The majority of the Library's databases, including ProQuest Central and OneSearch, have built-in citation generators. These help you to easily retrieve citations for your sources. The search engine Google Scholar also has a citation generator. There are also many you may choose to use online.

Note: Always consider the citations you pull from any citation generator to be drafts. You should review the citation for accuracy. You may need to fix spacing, indentation, capitalization, the number of authors listed in the citation, and URLs or DOIs, among other things.

DOIs and URLs

DOI stands for "digital object identifier." It is like a barcode for digital articles. They are unique and as stable as possible. In MLA, use a DOI for an online source whenever possible. If there is no DOI assigned to the source, use the URL.

How to Use OneSearch's Citation Generator

After opening an article in OneSearch, look for the "Tools" icons list on the right side of the screen. Select the "Cite" icon, as seen in the image below.

Cite icon from OneSearch

Scroll down until you see the "MLA 9th Edition" citation, as seen in the image below.

MLA 9th Edition sample citation from OneSearch

Review the citation for accuracy. 

In this example, the database name needed correcting (from EBSCOhost to CINAHL Complete) and the automatically generated URL needed switched to the article's DOI.

How to Use ProQuest Central's Citation Generator

After opening an article in ProQuest Central, look for the tools icons near the article's title. Select the "Cite" icon, as seen in the image below.

Download PDF, Cite, Copy URL, Print, All Options

Use the drop-down menu to select the "MLA 9th - Title Casing" citation, as seen in the image below.

MLA 9th - Title Casing example citation from ProQuest Central

Review the citation for accuracy. 

In this example, the credentials after the author's name needing removed, the slashes with the month ("/12//") needed removed after the year, the database name needed correcting (from ProQuest to ProQuest Central), and the automatically generated URL needed switched to the article's DOI.

Examples of MLA (9th Edition) Citations

When you create citations, pay attention to details, including punctuation and italics. Please note that MLA requires the use of hanging indents, which are difficult to demonstrate here.

Online scholarly journal article from a database (DOI assigned, 2 authors)

Roche, Ann, and Alice McEntee. “Ice and the Outback: Patterns and Prevalence of Methamphetamine Use in Rural Australia.” The Australian Journal of Rural Health, vol. 25, no. 4, Aug. 2017, pp. 200–209. APA PsycInfo, https://doi.org./10.1111/ajr.12331.

Online scholarly journal article from a database (no DOI, 1 author)

Fedotov, Yury. “The Straw Men Reigniting an 'International War on Drugs': A Case for Multilateralism.” Brown Journal of World Affairs, vol. 25, no. 2, 2019, pp. 93–108. ProQuest Central, https://libprox1.slcc.edu/login?url=https://www.proquest.com/central/magazines/straw-men-reigniting-international-war-on-drugs/docview/2244553842/sem-2?accountid=28671

Online scholarly journal article from a website (3+ authors, no page numbers)

Rosic, Tea, et al. "The Association between Cannabis Use and Outcome in Pharmacological Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder." Harm Reduction Journal, vol. 18, no. 1, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00468-6.

Where can I get additional assistance with MLA citations?